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An Upstream Battle: declines in 10 Pacific salmon stocks and solutions for their survival

Executive Summary This report profiles the current status and trends of 10 examples of salmon stocks in British Columbia that are considered to be in a severe state of decline. (There are many others.) These stocks were selected because they are geographically located within a region where a number of stocks of that species are […]


“Green” hydro power: understanding impacts, approvals, and sustainability of run-of river independent power projects in British Columbia

Summary Since 2002, the provincial government has required that new sources of electricity come from the private sector. The most popular type of power project now being developed is “run-of-river” hydropower. Large numbers of these projects are now being built and planned, province-wide. The rush for run-of-river power has prompted numerous questions–from anglers, kayakers, hunters, […]


Floodplains, flooding, and salmon rearing habitats in British Columbia: A review

Abstract The purpose of this review paper was to examine the relationships between floodplains, flooding, and juvenile salmon habitats. A wide range of topics were explored, these include; defining and characterizing fish habitats and floodplains; explaining flooding and hydrological processes; outlining fish behaviours, diets, and ecology. The potential impacts of forestry, agriculture, and urban development […]


Ecosystem Overview: Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area (PNCIMA)

Abstract This report provides an overview of physical and biological ecosystems in the Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area (PNCIMA). PNCIMA is one of several Large Ocean Management Areas created for ecosystem based management of human use in marine areas by Fisheries and Oceans Canada. PNCIMA includes the Pacific coast of British Columbia from the […]


The Nass Area: Cumulative Pressures on Salmon Habitat (Summary Report Cards)

This report is a collection of 22 map-based habitat report cards, one for each salmon Conservation Unit (CU) in the Nass Area. These report cards are the product of a broad-scale evaluation of the current extent and intensity of pressures on salmon spawning, rearing, and migratory habitats as well as the cumulative risks to these habitats. This type […]


Pipelines and Salmon in Northern British Columbia

Description In Northern B.C., the Upper Fraser, Skeena and Kitimat provide some of Canada’s best salmon habitat. There are currently four proposed pipeline projects that would traverse these watersheds and potentially threaten the salmon they are home to. Of these four proposals, Enbridge’s Northern Gateway pipeline project has generated the most interest and concern for […]


Catalogue of salmon streams and spawning escapements of Statistical Area 4 : Lower Skeena River, including coastal streams

Abstract Catalogue containing each stream’s location, spawning distribution, barriers and points of difficult ascent, escapement records and other general data pertaining to the stream. The catalogue also includes a topographical map of the stream’s location and in some cases a sketch which further describes the surrounding area.


Skeena Sockeye Habitat Poster (high resolution)

This poster is one of several products prepared in 2010 by Ecotrust Canada for the Habitat Subcommittee of the Skeena Watershed Initiative to compile and share existing sockeye salmon habitat data. Other products include an atlas of Conservation Units, a larger map of the watershed, an annotated bibliography, and electronic (PDF) versions of the printed […]


Climate overview 2007: Hydro-climatology and future climate impacts in British Columbia

Summary The foundation for understanding the consequences of changing climate (temperature and precipitation) at a regional scale are water resources at the ground level; i.e. hydrology. This requires knowledge of the hydrological regime (rain, snow, ice), hydrological resources (snowpack, glaciers, reservoirs, lakes, wetlands, groundwater and soil moisture), and hydrological processes (interception, evaporation, transpiration, and streamflow). […]


Workshop on the Cumulative Impacts on Salmon – February 17, 2012

Workshop Purpose The purpose of the work planning session is to provide strategic direction to the Bulkley Valley Research Centre’s “An integrated assessment of the cumulative impacts of climate change and industrial development on salmon in Western British Columbia” project. Based on the strategic direction a work plan will be drafted to direct the project’s […]


Priorities and Strategies for Canada’s Wild Pacific Salmon and Steelhead: Advisory Report of the Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council

Description Over a period of eleven years the Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council has provided public information and offered strategic advice to ministers responsible for protecting and sustaining wild salmon and steelhead stocks and habitats. This report summarizes many of the key findings and recommendations contained in the 69 background papers, advisories and other Council […]